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Types of Textiles

A textile or a cloth is referred as flexible, a woven material which is made of the yarn. Basically, the yarn usually is obtained from various natural or either artificial sources. The natural fibers are generally spun together in order to form long threads.

These threads are knitted, woven, pressed, or either knotted together in order to form a textiles or fabrics. They are knitted on the machines known as looms.

These machines can be manually or either automatically operated, known as the handlooms. Textiles can commonly be made out from various materials. These essential materials are from 4 major sources, referred as, animals, plants, synthetic and also minerals materials. These sources are used to produce the textile products.

Plants textiles

Plants and animals constitute the natural sources of textile. The plant sources include paper, linen, jute, coir, rayon, types of cotton fabric, bamboo and modal. Some of these are produced from plants and mainly used to make sheets and ropes. Coir, which is coconut fiber, is used in making twine, snacks, door mats, mattresses, floor mats, and brushes etc. Paper is made from fibers from pulpwood trees, cotton, and rice etc.

Animals textiles

The textiles are also made from products obtained from animals. They are made from fur, hair, skin, and silk (cocoon from silkworm). The various varieties include alpaca, Angora wool, mohair, silk, wool, cashmere etc. The fine hair is cut and processed in automated machines to clean and separate them from any type of impurity that they might contain.

They are, then, spun into long threads of yarn called wool. The yarn is further dyed into various desired colors. These colorful yarns are made into fabrics, and further, stitched into the cloth of your choice. Wool is used for warm clothing.

Textile products made from wool include cardigans, coats, sweaters, jackets, and also blankets. Additionally, the Silk is also a type of the animal fabric which is obtained from the cocoon of a silkworm. It is twirled into a smooth fabric valued for its softness and also luster.

Synthetic and also minerals

The artificial sources of the textile are minerals and synthetic materials. These are obtained from man-made products. Such sources are highly processed and treated to make them flexible and usable. The examples of synthetic materials are asbestos, faux leather, glass fiber, acrylic fiber, spandex, nylon, Olefin, polyester and metal fiber such as gold wire or silver foil.

The mineral asbestos is used to make sheeting, vinyl tiles, false ceilings, curtains and fire blankets. Another mineral, glass fiber, is used to make ropes and cables, ironing boards, sound proof, fire proof, insulating fibers, and mattress covers. One of the most important uses of glass fiber is in making spacesuits. Metal fibers, metal wire, and metal foil have used in jewelry, cloth and embroidery.

Because of their water- proof qualities, these have also been used to make rain coats, water resistant cloth, swimsuits, and stain proof clothes, sheets, and mats. So, we see that there are a variety of fabrics available and can be used to make different types of textile products according to their characteristics and our requirements

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